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Full text of "History And Human Relation"

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Kthe nineteenth century, when many people were
^timistic in their views of human nature, and con-
fident that the course of progress was going to be
continued into an indefinite future, there were one or
two prophets who feared and foretold that the twentieth
century would see great wars of peoples, popular military
dictatorships and the harnessing of the machines of
industry to the science of warfare. It is interesting to
note that, without knowing whether one country or
another was going to emerge as the chief offender, and
without basing his prediction upon any view that
Germany was likely to present a special problem to the
European continent, a writer could still feel assured, a
generation beforehand, that this age of terrible warfare
was coming. He could see, in other words, that, apart
from the emergence of a special criminal, the develop-
ments in the situation itself were driving mankind into
an era of conflict* In the midst of battle, while we are